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Electric Bicycle Laws

United States

National Laws

Because the legal definition of what makes an electric bicycle is still a bit hazy, national law in the US covers what safety equipment is required.  States themselves determine the legality and rules surrounding road-use of electric bicycles.

 

Definition

Congress defineds a low-speed electric bicycle as any bicycle or tricycle with fully operable pedals, an electric motor not exceeding 750 W of power and a top motor-powered speed not in excess of 20 miles per hour.

 

Many other sites collect pointers to electric bicycle laws (7gen.com).

 

State Laws

 

Alabama

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Alaska

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Arizona

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Arkansas

Currently, Electric Bicycles, regardless of max speed or presence of pedals will fall under the classification of Motorized Bicycle:  any bicycle with an automatic transmission and a motor of less than 50cc. They cannot be used on interstate highways, limited access highways or sidewalks, but can be ridden on any other street or highway. A person under 16 years of age may not carry a passenger.

Riders require either a certificate to operate a motorized bicycle, a motorcycle license, a motor-driven cycle license, or a license of class A, B, C or D. Certificates cannot be issued to riders under 10 years of age.

 

California

Any electric bicycle with a top speed no greater than 20 mph follows the same laws as any standard bicycle.

 

Colorado

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Connecticut

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Delaware

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District of Columbia

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Florida

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Georgia

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Hawaii

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Idaho

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Illinois

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Indiana

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Iowa

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Kansas

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Kentucky

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Louisiana

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Maine

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Maryland

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Massachusetts

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Michigan

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Minnesota

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Mississippi

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Missouri

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Montana

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Nebraska

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Nevada

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New Hampshire

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New Jersey

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New Mexico

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New York

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North Carolina

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North Dakota

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Ohio

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Oklahoma

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Oregon

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Pennsylvania

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Rhode Island

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South Carolina

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South Dakota

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Tennessee

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Texas

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Utah

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Vermont

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Virginia

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Washington

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West Virginia

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Wisconsin

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Wyoming

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Green Options › Articles › Electric Bicycle Laws